How to Grow Peanuts in Soil from Store-Bought Nuts

Growing peanuts from store-bought nuts is a rewarding gardening project that can yield delicious results. Follow these steps to get started:

Step 1: Choosing Peanuts

  • Opt for fresh, raw, uncooked peanuts in their shells.
  • Avoid roasted or salted peanuts as they won’t germinate.

Step 2: Preparation and Planting

  • Peanuts require a long growing season (100-130 frost-free days).
  • Start indoors 5-8 weeks before the last frost date for an early start, especially in Northern climates.
  • Plant in well-draining, loose soil, adding sand and aged compost if needed.
  • Sow seeds 1-2 inches deep and 24-36 inches apart in rows spaced at least 72 inches apart.

Step 3: Location and Soil

  • Choose a sunny site, as peanuts need full sun.
  • Use row covers to protect young plants from spring frosts.
  • Soil should be light, loamy, and slightly acidic (pH 5.5-7.0).

Step 4: Watering and Care

  • Water at least 1 inch per week, maintaining even moisture but not waterlogging the soil.
  • Add mulch once seedlings are half a foot tall to retain moisture and control weeds.

Step 5: Fertilization

  • Peanuts are nitrogen-fixers, so they require less nitrogen.
  • Focus on calcium, as it’s crucial for pod development.
  • Use a low-nitrogen or balanced fertilizer before planting.

Step 6: Pruning and Propagation

  • Pruning isn’t typically required but may be done for maintenance.
  • Propagate peanuts using seeds, selecting healthy, mature ones for saving and planting the following spring.

Step 7: Harvesting and Storing

  • Harvest time is about 100-150 days after planting.
  • Remove the entire plant from the soil for harvesting.
  • Store raw peanuts in a mesh bag in a dry place or roast them for consumption.

Growing peanuts can be a fun and fruitful endeavor, especially if you have a sunny spot and a bit of patience. With the right care, you can enjoy home-grown peanuts right from your backyard!

Barbara Livingston: Empowering Wellness Through Accessible Insights.